Approximately one-third of all childhood injuries are sports-related, according to the Johns Hopkins Medicine Library. A sports injury is any injury that results from participating in sports or physical activity, such as a sprain or fracture. While the risk of injury tends to be somewhat higher in contact sports like football and basketball, overuse injuries from activities that involve repetitive motions (think tennis and swimming) are also very common. Taking precautions, training properly, and wearing the proper gear and equipment can help to reduce the risk, but any sport or physical activity comes with an inherent risk of injury.
Common Types of Sports Injuries
Sports injuries can range from mild conditions like shin splints to more intense injuries like rotator cuff tears and concussions, depending on the activity, cause and severity of the injury. Some of the most common sports injuries for both children and adults include:
- Soft tissue (muscle, tendon, ligament, and cartilage) strains and tears such as hamstring or ACL tears
- Tennis elbow
- Runner/jumper’s knee
- Achilles tendonitis
- Ankle sprains/tears
- Shin splints
How Are Sports Injuries Treated?
Depending on the type of injury and extent of damage, many sports injuries can be treated and managed with conservative therapies like rest, physical therapy, medication, stem cell injection therapy and surgery in cases where conservative treatments have been unsuccessful.
Conservative treatments can help reduce pain, swelling and inflammation, build strength and resistance around an injured muscle or joint, and help to slowly restore mobility after an injury. Treatments like stem cell injections use your body’s own healing mechanisms to help repair injured tendons, ligaments, and joints.
When Is Surgery Necessary?
In cases of severe breaks, chronic pain and mobility problems, scar tissue buildup, or extensive damage to tissue or joints, an orthopedic surgeon may determine that minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery is the best option to heal an injury and prevent further long-term damage. Arthroscopic surgery is generally less invasive than conventional surgery and has fewer side effects.
Consult With an Orthopedic Surgeon
For more information on the best diagnostic and treatment options for childhood and adult orthopedic and sports injuries, contact Alabama Orthopaedic Surgeons by calling 205-838-4747 to schedule a consultation today.